How to Remove Mothball Smell from a Kimono – Asian Journal …


Are you excited to wear your beautiful kimono for a special occasion, but that lingering mothball smell is putting a damper on your plans? Fret not! We’ve got you covered with effective solutions to bid farewell to that pesky odor. Say goodbye to mothball-scented kimonos and hello to freshness and elegance.

In just a few moments, we’ll reveal a range of tried-and-true methods to eliminate mothball odors from your cherished kimono. Whether your kimono is a family heirloom or a treasured addition to your wardrobe, our step-by-step guide will ensure it regains its natural scent, so you can wear it with confidence once more.

So, are you ready to rediscover the true essence of your kimono and make mothball odors a thing of the past? Let’s dive into the world of kimono care and unveil the secrets to revitalizing your garment’s aroma, so you can enjoy its timeless beauty without any olfactory distractions.

Understanding Mothball Smell

Understanding Mothball Smell
Picture source: https://classicdrycleaner.com

Understanding Mothball Smell is pivotal when dealing with the preservation of delicate garments like kimonos. These traditional Japanese garments are not just pieces of clothing; they are exquisite symbols of culture and artistry. In this section, we delve into the two fundamental aspects that surround mothball odor in kimonos: the causes and the importance of its removal.

Causes of Mothball Odor in Kimonos:

The primary culprit behind that distinctive mothball scent in kimonos is the very product designed to protect them – mothballs themselves. Mothballs are typically made of naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene, chemicals known for their potent odor. When stored with kimonos in closed spaces, these chemicals slowly release vapors that penetrate the fabric, leading to the unmistakable smell.

But it’s not just the mothballs; other factors can contribute to the problem. Dust and debris that accumulate over time can trap these odor molecules, intensifying the scent. Moreover, improper storage conditions, such as a lack of ventilation or exposure to humidity, can exacerbate the issue, making the odor even more challenging to remove.

Why Removing the Smell Matters:

The importance of removing mothball odor from kimonos goes beyond mere olfactory comfort. It’s about preserving the integrity and cultural significance of these garments.

First and foremost, a mothball-scented kimono is not a pleasant one to wear. The strong, sometimes pungent odor can be a distraction and can make wearing the kimono uncomfortable, especially during special occasions where you want to feel your best. Removing the smell enhances the overall experience of wearing a kimono, allowing you to fully appreciate its beauty and craftsmanship.

Furthermore, mothball odor can be a sign of potential damage to the fabric. The chemicals in mothballs, if left unchecked, can weaken and discolor the fibers of the kimono over time. This not only affects its aesthetic appeal but also compromises its longevity. A well-preserved kimono can be passed down through generations, serving as a connection to cultural heritage. Thus, addressing mothball odor is a vital step in ensuring the longevity of these cherished garments.

Beyond personal use, mothball odor can impact the value of vintage or antique kimonos. Collectors and enthusiasts often seek out kimonos for their historical and artistic value. A mothball-scented kimono may deter potential buyers or reduce its market value. By effectively removing the odor, you not only restore the kimono’s value but also contribute to the preservation of Japanese textile artistry.

Preparing Your Workspace

Preparing Your Workspace
Source: carychristianschool

In the pursuit of reviving your cherished kimono and bidding farewell to the persistent mothball odor, the stage is set with utmost importance in “Preparing Your Workspace.” This critical step lays the foundation for successful odor removal and ensures that your delicate garment is treated with the care it deserves.

Gather the Necessary Materials and Tools:

Assemble your arsenal of materials and tools to embark on this journey effectively. You’ll need items like baking soda, white vinegar, activated charcoal, or cedar blocks, depending on the method you choose. Having them at the ready not only streamlines the process but also minimizes the chances of interruptions during odor removal. Imagine having your kimono elegantly draped and ready for treatment, only to discover you’re missing a crucial component—avoid such pitfalls by thorough preparation.

Here, attention to detail matters; ensure you have enough of each material, as kimono fabric can be extensive. It’s disheartening to realize midway that you’ve run out of the ingredient necessary to complete the task. By gathering the required materials beforehand, you ensure a smooth and uninterrupted process.

Set Up a Clean and Well-Ventilated Area for the Process:

Creating the right environment for mothball odor removal is paramount. Find a spacious, well-ventilated area where you can lay out your kimono comfortably. This space should be free from dust, dirt, and other potential contaminants that may compromise the outcome. Lay down a clean sheet or cloth to protect the kimono from any surface residue.

Ventilation is key to the success of this endeavor. Proper airflow helps disperse the odorous molecules released by the mothballs, expediting the removal process. Consider setting up near an open window or using fans to ensure a continuous flow of fresh air. However, be mindful of direct sunlight, as excessive exposure can damage delicate fabrics over time.

Moreover, maintaining cleanliness in your workspace is not just about the physical environment but also about personal hygiene. Ensure your hands are clean and free from strong odors before handling the kimono. Even the scent of soap or lotion can linger, so it’s advisable to wear disposable gloves if possible.

Incorporating these meticulous steps into your preparation process sets the stage for successful mothball odor removal. It’s not just about eradicating the scent but also about preserving the essence of your kimono. Every action taken in “Preparing Your Workspace” reflects your commitment to the artistry and cultural significance encapsulated in this traditional Japanese garment.

So, gather your materials, set the stage, and prepare to embark on the journey of restoring your kimono’s natural allure, free from the intrusive mothball odor. The careful and methodical approach you take in this crucial step will undoubtedly pay off as you continue your quest for kimono perfection.

Initial Precautions

IV. Initial Precautions: Tips for Handling Vintage or Delicate Kimonos Safely

When embarking on the journey of kimono care, especially for vintage or delicate pieces, taking initial precautions is akin to laying a sturdy foundation for a grand structure. These invaluable tips for handling vintage or delicate kimonos will ensure that you preserve their beauty and cultural significance for generations to come.

  1. Clean Hands Are a Must: Before touching your cherished kimono, wash your hands thoroughly with a mild, fragrance-free soap. Even the slightest residue or oils from your skin can leave lasting marks on the delicate fabric.

  2. Opt for Disposable Gloves: For an extra layer of protection, consider wearing disposable gloves. This precaution is especially crucial when dealing with antique kimonos, where every thread counts.

  3. Choose a Clean Workspace: Ensure that your workspace is pristine. Lay down a clean, white sheet to prevent any potential contamination from dust or dirt. This surface will be the temporary resting place for your kimono during the odor removal process.

  4. Avoid Fragrances: Steer clear of perfumes, lotions, or any scented products on the day you handle your kimono. The fabric readily absorbs odors, and even subtle scents can interfere with the removal of mothball odors.

  5. Handle with Care: When picking up your kimono, use both hands, and support its entire length. Avoid pulling or tugging on the fabric, as this can cause damage or distortion to the delicate threads.

  6. Inspect Carefully: Before proceeding with any odor removal method, conduct a thorough visual inspection of the kimono. Look for any signs of damage, loose threads, or weakened areas that may require special attention or repairs.

  7. Test in an Inconspicuous Area: If you’re uncertain about how the fabric will react to a particular treatment, perform a spot test in an inconspicuous area. This ensures that you won’t inadvertently harm the kimono’s appearance.

  8. Use Gentle Techniques: When applying odor removal agents like baking soda or activated charcoal, do so with a light touch. Avoid vigorous scrubbing or rubbing, as this can damage the fragile fabric.

  9. Patience Is Key: Rushing through the process can lead to mistakes. Take your time and proceed methodically, giving the odor removal methods the time they need to work effectively.

  10. Storage Matters: Once you’ve successfully removed the mothball odor, store your kimono properly. Use acid-free tissue paper for folding and consider hanging it in a climate-controlled space to prevent future odor issues.

By adhering to these initial precautions, you ensure that your vintage or delicate kimono receives the respect and care it merits. Remember, these garments are not just clothing; they are a testament to culture and craftsmanship. Your commitment to preserving their beauty and significance starts with these meticulous steps, setting the stage for a successful mothball odor removal process and the continued celebration of the kimono’s timeless elegance.

Methods for Removing Mothball Smell

When it comes to liberating your treasured kimono from the persistent grasp of mothball odor, you have a repertoire of effective methods at your disposal. Each approach offers a unique way to tackle this aromatic challenge, allowing you to choose the one that best suits your preferences and circumstances. Let’s explore these methods in detail:

A. Air Out the Kimono

Step-by-step instructions for hanging and airing out the kimono.

One of the simplest yet effective methods for mothball odor removal is allowing your kimono to breathe. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Find a well-ventilated area: Choose a location with good airflow, like a balcony, porch, or a room with open windows.
  2. Use padded hangers: Ensure your kimono hangs gently to avoid stretching or damaging the fabric.
  3. Hang it loosely: Don’t cram your kimono; allow it to hang freely without touching other garments or surfaces.
  4. Patience is key: Leave your kimono to air out for several days or even weeks, depending on the intensity of the odor. The more air it gets, the better.

B. Sunlight Exposure

How sunlight can help dissipate the odor. Caution: Avoid overexposure to sunlight.

Sunlight is a natural enemy of mothball odor. Here’s how to harness the power of the sun:

  1. Choose a sunny day: Pick a day with bright sunshine for this method.
  2. Find a safe spot: Hang your kimono outdoors on a clothesline or a clean surface in direct sunlight.
  3. Rotate regularly: Turn the kimono periodically to ensure even exposure to sunlight.
  4. Caution: Avoid prolonged exposure, as too much sunlight can fade and damage the fabric. A few hours on a sunny day should suffice.

C. Baking Soda

Explain the use of baking soda as an odor-absorbing agent. Detailed steps on applying and removing baking soda.

Baking soda is a household hero when it comes to absorbing odors. Here’s how to use it:

  1. Prepare the kimono: Lay your kimono flat on a clean surface.
  2. Sprinkle baking soda: Evenly sprinkle a thin layer of baking soda over the entire kimono.
  3. Let it sit: Allow the baking soda to work its magic for at least a few hours or overnight.
  4. Shake or vacuum: After the waiting period, gently shake or use a vacuum cleaner with a fabric attachment to remove the baking soda.

D. Activated Charcoal

How activated charcoal can be an effective odor absorber. Guidelines for using activated charcoal in kimono care.

Activated charcoal is another fantastic odor-absorbing option:

  1. Choose the right charcoal: Opt for activated charcoal in pouches or loose form.
  2. Place strategically: Position the charcoal near the kimono, either in the same storage area or in a container alongside it.
  3. Replace as needed: Activated charcoal has a limited lifespan, so replace it periodically for continued effectiveness.

E. White Vinegar

Describe how white vinegar can neutralize odors. Instructions on diluting and applying vinegar safely.

White vinegar is renowned for its odor-neutralizing properties:

  1. Dilute vinegar: Mix white vinegar with an equal amount of water in a spray bottle.
  2. Test a small area: Before applying to the entire kimono, test the vinegar solution on a discreet spot to ensure it doesn’t affect the fabric.
  3. Spritz lightly: Spray the diluted vinegar lightly over the kimono, focusing on the areas with the strongest odor.
  4. Air dry: Hang the kimono in a well-ventilated area to allow it to dry completely.

F. Cedar Blocks or Chips

Explain the benefits of cedar for mothball odor removal. How to use cedar blocks or chips with kimonos.

Cedar is a natural moth repellent and odor absorber:

  1. Acquire cedar blocks or chips: Purchase cedar products designed for moth protection.
  2. Position strategically: Place cedar blocks or chips in the storage area alongside your kimono.
  3. Replace when needed: Cedar’s effectiveness diminishes over time, so replace it regularly for continuous protection.

Selecting the right method for removing mothball odor from your kimono depends on your preferences, available resources, and the severity of the odor. Whether you opt for the simplicity of airing it out, the natural power of sunlight, or the gentle effectiveness of household items like baking soda, activated charcoal, or white vinegar, your commitment to restoring your kimono’s pristine scent is the first step toward enjoying its beauty and cultural significance to the fullest.

Additional Tips and Considerations

As you embark on the mission to banish mothball odors from your beloved kimono, it’s essential to keep a few additional tips and considerations in mind. These nuggets of wisdom will not only ensure a successful odor removal process but also safeguard the integrity of your precious garment:

Safety Precautions Throughout the Odor Removal Process

Before delving into any odor removal method, prioritize safety:

  1. Ventilation is Key: Always work in a well-ventilated area to avoid inhaling any chemicals or odorous substances.
  2. Protect Yourself: If you’re using chemicals or substances like baking soda, activated charcoal, or vinegar, wear disposable gloves and, if necessary, a mask to protect your skin and respiratory system.
  3. Keep Children and Pets Away: Ensure that curious little ones and furry friends stay clear of your workspace during the process.
  4. Dispose of Residues Properly: When disposing of used materials like baking soda or activated charcoal, seal them in a bag and discard them responsibly.

How to Handle Delicate Fabrics

When dealing with vintage or delicate kimonos, a gentle touch is essential:

  1. Inspect with Care: Examine the kimono thoroughly before attempting any odor removal method. Note any weak areas, loose threads, or delicate embellishments.
  2. Spot Testing: Before applying any treatment, conduct a spot test in an inconspicuous area to ensure it won’t harm the fabric.
  3. Avoid Harsh Scrubbing: Whether you’re using baking soda, activated charcoal, or other agents, refrain from aggressive scrubbing or rubbing. Delicate fabrics require gentle care.
  4. Consult Experts: If you’re uncertain about handling your kimono, consider consulting a professional cleaner or conservator who specializes in delicate textiles. They can offer guidance and expertise to preserve your kimono’s condition.

When to Consult a Professional Cleaner

While DIY methods can effectively remove many mothball odors, there are instances when professional intervention is necessary:

  1. Persistent Odors: If the mothball odor lingers despite your best efforts, it’s time to seek professional help. They have access to specialized techniques and equipment.
  2. Delicate or Valuable Garments: For valuable, antique, or delicate kimonos, it’s often wise to consult a professional from the outset to ensure the utmost care.
  3. Extensive Damage: If your kimono has suffered damage from pests or other issues in addition to odor, a professional can assess and address the damage comprehensively.
  4. Preventive Preservation: Professionals can also provide advice on long-term preservation, including proper storage and handling techniques.

In the world of kimono care, patience and caution are your allies. By following these additional tips and considerations, you’ll not only bid adieu to mothball odors but also safeguard the timeless beauty and cultural significance of your cherished garment. Remember, your kimono is not just a piece of clothing; it’s a living piece of history, deserving of the utmost care and respect.

Preventing Mothball Odor

Preserving the pristine allure of your kimono extends beyond odor removal; it involves a proactive approach to preventing mothball odors from returning during storage. Here are strategic measures to ensure your kimono stays perpetually fresh:

1. Proper Storage

  • Store your kimono in a clean, dry, and well-ventilated space. Use garment bags or acid-free tissue paper to protect against dust and light.
  • Invest in a cedar-lined closet or storage chest. Cedar naturally repels moths and adds a pleasant fragrance to your storage area.
  • Avoid plastic bags or airtight containers, as they can trap moisture and odors.

2. Regular Airing

  • Periodically take your kimono out of storage and gently shake it to allow for air circulation. This prevents the fabric from becoming stagnant and prone to odors.
  • Hang your kimono in a breezy, shaded area for a few hours, but avoid direct sunlight to prevent fading.

3. Natural Odor Absorbers

  • Place natural odor absorbers like cedar blocks, lavender sachets, or activated charcoal near your kimono. These substances not only deter moths but also keep your garment smelling fresh.
  • Consider sewing small pouches of these natural odor absorbers into your kimono storage bags.

4. Repellent Measures

  • Mothballs are effective but have a pungent odor. Opt for natural alternatives like sachets containing dried mint, rosemary, or cloves. These herbs are moth-repelling and fragrant.
  • Ensure your storage area is clean and free from food crumbs or residues that may attract pests.

5. Regular Inspection

  • Check your kimono periodically for signs of moths or other pests. Early detection can prevent damage and odor buildup.
  • If you spot any issues, take immediate action to address them and air out the affected kimono.

6. Temperature and Humidity Control

  • Maintain a stable environment with moderate temperature and humidity levels. Extreme fluctuations can encourage odors and pests.
  • Consider using a dehumidifier in areas prone to high humidity.

7. Proper Folding

  • When not hanging your kimono, fold it properly to avoid creases and pressure points that can trap odors.
  • Use acid-free tissue paper between folds to protect delicate areas.

8. Avoid Fragrance Overload

  • While it’s tempting to use scented sachets, be cautious not to overwhelm your kimono with too many fragrances. A delicate balance is key.

By implementing these preventive strategies, you can savor the beauty and heritage of your kimono without the persistent worry of mothball odors. Remember that maintaining your kimono’s freshness is an ongoing process, but the effort is well worth it to ensure that your cherished garment remains a symbol of timeless elegance and cultural significance.

Related Questions

What is the best way to eliminate mothball odor from vintage clothing?

The most effective method to eliminate mothball odor from vintage clothing is a multi-step approach:

  1. Air it Out: Begin by hanging the clothing outside in a well-ventilated area for several hours. Fresh air helps dissipate the odor.

  2. Sunlight Exposure: Place the clothing in indirect sunlight, which can naturally neutralize odors. Be cautious not to overexpose delicate fabrics to sunlight.

  3. Baking Soda: Sprinkle a thin layer of baking soda over the clothing or place it in a sealed container with the garment. Leave it for a few days to absorb the odor.

  4. Activated Charcoal: Activated charcoal is an excellent odor absorber. Leave the clothing in a sealed container with charcoal for a few days.

  5. White Vinegar: Mix water and white vinegar, and lightly spray the clothing. Allow it to air dry, and the vinegar will neutralize odors.

  6. Cedar Blocks: Cedar naturally repels moths and adds a pleasant scent. Place cedar blocks or chips near the clothing in storage.

Remember, always test these methods on a small, inconspicuous area of the clothing first to ensure they won’t damage the fabric.

Can I use baking soda to remove mothball smell from silk fabrics?

Yes, you can use baking soda to remove mothball smell from silk fabrics. Baking soda is a gentle and effective odor absorber that won’t harm delicate silk. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Create a Baking Soda Mixture: In a clean, dry container, mix baking soda with a small amount of water to form a paste. Ensure it’s not too runny.

  2. Spot Test: Before applying the paste to the entire silk fabric, perform a spot test on an inconspicuous area to ensure it doesn’t affect the color or texture of the silk.

  3. Apply the Paste: Gently spread the baking soda paste over the affected areas of the silk fabric. Avoid excessive rubbing, as silk is delicate.

  4. Let it Sit: Leave the paste on the silk for several hours or overnight. This allows the baking soda to absorb the mothball odor.

  5. Brush Off: Using a soft brush or cloth, gently remove the dried baking soda from the silk fabric.

  6. Air it Out: Hang the silk fabric in a well-ventilated area to ensure any remaining odor dissipates.

Baking soda is a safe and efficient method to deodorize silk without causing damage.

How long does it take to air out mothball odor from a kimono?

The time it takes to effectively air out mothball odor from a kimono can vary depending on several factors. In most cases, you can expect the process to take several days to a few weeks. Here are some factors that influence the duration:

  1. Ventilation: Adequate airflow is crucial. If you’re hanging the kimono outdoors on a breezy day, it may take less time compared to airing it indoors.

  2. Sunlight: Direct sunlight can accelerate the removal of odors. However, be cautious with delicate fabrics, as prolonged exposure to sunlight may damage them.

  3. Fabric Type: The type of fabric in the kimono matters. Natural fibers like cotton and silk tend to release odors more effectively than synthetic materials.

  4. Severity of Odor: If the mothball smell is particularly strong or has permeated the fabric deeply, it may take longer to completely eliminate.

  5. Pre-treatment: Using odor-absorbing agents like baking soda, activated charcoal, or cedar alongside proper ventilation can expedite the process.

To ensure the kimono is odor-free, periodically check and smell it during the airing process. Once the odor is no longer detectable, the kimono is ready to wear or store without the unwanted scent.

Are there natural alternatives to chemical mothball odor removers?

Yes, there are natural alternatives to chemical mothball odor removers that are both effective and eco-friendly. Here are some natural methods to eliminate mothball odor:

  1. Fresh Air and Sunlight: The simplest way is to hang the affected items outdoors on a sunny, breezy day. The combination of fresh air and sunlight can help dissipate the odor naturally.

  2. Baking Soda: Baking soda is a versatile and natural deodorizer. Place the clothing or item in a sealed bag or container with a bowl of baking soda. Leave it for a few days to absorb the odor.

  3. Activated Charcoal: Activated charcoal is excellent at absorbing odors. Put the item in a container with activated charcoal or place charcoal pouches nearby.

  4. Cedar: Cedar blocks or chips have a pleasant scent and repel moths. Use them in your storage areas or alongside your clothing to prevent odors and moth infestations.

  5. White Vinegar: Mix water and white vinegar and lightly spray the affected items. Allow them to air dry, and the vinegar will neutralize odors.

These natural alternatives are safe, chemical-free, and effective at removing mothball odors from clothing and other items.

Is it safe to use sunlight to remove mothball odor from delicate textiles?

Using sunlight to remove mothball odor from delicate textiles can be effective, but it should be done with caution. Sunlight can help dissipate odors and has natural deodorizing properties. However, here are some important considerations to ensure the safety of your delicate fabrics:

  1. Check Fabric Type: Delicate textiles like silk and vintage fabrics are more susceptible to damage from prolonged exposure to sunlight. It’s crucial to know the fabric type before using this method.

  2. Limit Sun Exposure: Avoid leaving delicate textiles in direct sunlight for extended periods. Instead, choose a shaded or partially shaded area to prevent fading or weakening of fibers.

  3. Regularly Check: Periodically inspect the textiles while they are airing out. Once the mothball odor is sufficiently reduced, remove them from sunlight to prevent any potential damage.

  4. Alternative Methods: Consider combining sunlight with other odor-removal methods like airing in a well-ventilated area or using natural deodorizers such as baking soda or activated charcoal to minimize exposure to sunlight.

In summary, while sunlight can be a useful tool for removing mothball odors, it should be used judiciously with delicate textiles to avoid any potential harm.

What are the risks of DIY mothball odor removal on valuable kimonos?

DIY mothball odor removal on valuable kimonos carries certain risks that should be considered:

  1. Fabric Damage: Valuable kimonos often feature delicate or vintage fabrics that can be easily damaged by DIY methods like vigorous rubbing or excessive exposure to sunlight.

  2. Color Fading: Some odor removal techniques, such as sunlight exposure, may cause colors to fade over time, diminishing the overall aesthetic appeal of the kimono.

  3. Incorrect Application: Using the wrong DIY method or chemical substances can result in irreparable damage or discoloration of the fabric.

  4. Incomplete Odor Removal: DIY methods may not completely eliminate stubborn mothball odors, leaving behind a lingering smell.

  5. Loss of Value: Mishandling valuable kimonos during the DIY process can significantly reduce their collector’s or resale value.

To mitigate these risks, it’s advisable to consult professional cleaners or experts with experience in handling delicate textiles. They can safely and effectively remove mothball odors from valuable kimonos while preserving their integrity and value.

Should I consult a professional cleaner for persistent mothball odor issues?

Consulting a professional cleaner for persistent mothball odor issues is a wise choice. These experts possess specialized knowledge and tools to effectively eliminate stubborn odors while safeguarding the integrity of your textiles. Here are some compelling reasons to opt for professional help:

  1. Expertise: Professional cleaners are experienced in handling various fabrics, including delicate textiles like kimonos. They understand the nuances of odor removal without causing damage.

  2. Specialized Techniques: They employ advanced techniques and eco-friendly solutions tailored to the specific needs of your garments.

  3. Preservation: Professional cleaners ensure that your valuable textiles retain their color, texture, and overall quality during the odor removal process.

  4. Thoroughness: They can eliminate even deeply embedded odors, providing a longer-lasting freshness.

  5. Time-Saving: Consulting experts saves you time and effort compared to DIY methods that may yield uncertain results.

When faced with persistent mothball odors on valuable garments like kimonos, entrusting professionals guarantees effective and safe odor removal, preserving your cherished items for years to come.

How can I store my kimonos to prevent mothball odor in the future?

To prevent mothball odor in the future and maintain the freshness of your kimonos during storage, consider these expert-recommended steps:

  1. Thorough Cleaning: Ensure your kimonos are clean and free from any stains or odors before storing them. Follow the care instructions for washing or dry cleaning.

  2. Proper Folding: Fold your kimonos carefully, avoiding sharp creases that can weaken the fabric. Use acid-free tissue paper to cushion folds and prevent friction.

  3. Storage Containers: Opt for breathable, fabric garment bags or acid-free storage boxes. Avoid plastic, as it can trap moisture and odors.

  4. Natural Repellents: Use natural moth repellents like cedar blocks, lavender sachets, or rosemary. These not only deter moths but also add a pleasant fragrance.

  5. Regular Checks: Periodically inspect your stored kimonos for any signs of pests or odors. Airing them out in sunlight can help prevent mustiness.

  6. Climate Control: Store kimonos in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area. Avoid damp or humid spaces, as moisture can encourage mold and moth activity.

  7. Rotate and Refold: Periodically unfold and refold your kimonos to prevent permanent creases and allow air circulation.

By following these steps, you can ensure that your kimonos remain odor-free and in pristine condition for generations to come.

Main takeaway

The conclusion is that removing mothballs from your kimono is a simple, yet necessary, process that preserves its beauty and charm. You can wipe away those odors and restore your kimono’s scent to its original, pleasant condition by following the steps outlined in this guide. You can air it out, use natural odor absorbers such as baking soda or cedar, or use other techniques; however, you must be patient and gentle with your treatment.

Maintaining the integrity of your kimono, not only in terms of its appearance, but also in terms of its significance and memories, is both critical and worthwhile. If you choose wisely, you can enjoy your kimono without the fear of mothballs. Your kimono will be a symbol of elegance and cultural significance for years to come as long as you follow these steps.

Keep your kimono clean of mothballs and let it dry before going out. To preserve its aroma, take note of its timeless beauty and the stories it tells, as well as your satisfaction in successfully preserving it. Your kimono is ready to be shined, and you are ready to wear it with pride and confidence.

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discovering unique pieces at thrift markets – The Oracle


Urban Jungle is a clothing store in uptown Minneapolis filled with vintage, secondhand and collective items. Sunday, Sept. 17, Urban Jungle hosted “Urban Street Market,” a gathering of over 50 clothing resellers. Every thrifter dreams of being on a block filled with used clothing and bargain prices. The market had something for everyone: cute Mary Jane shoes, classic flat-billed hats, beautiful lace dresses, vintage Levi’s, unique jewelry and every type of clothing imaginable.
Graphic t-shirts of all sorts were most common on Sunday because many people love the graphic and streetwear look. Several booths had rare and collectible band and sports graphic tees, perfect for flexing one’s supreme taste.
What was especially impressive were the vendors that had created their clothing, primarily done through screen printing. These vendors used secondhand clothing as a canvas for their creativity. Upcycling and customizing thrift store finds creates something unique. The reduce, reuse and recycle process is best implemented by giving clothes a new life. Revamping items breathes life back into clothing that no one wanted.
This market, and thrifting in general, offered several benefits to individuals and society as a whole. Secondhand clothing is often more affordable than buying new things, excluding collectible or rare vintage items as they are understandably pricier. Urban Jungle enabled shoppers to find high-quality clothing at a fraction of the cost.
Street markets like Urban Jungle’s are also an eco-friendly choice. Choosing secondhand clothes promotes a more sustainable approach to fashion as older items are frequently better made and more durable than their newer, mass-produced counterparts. Buying secondhand reduces the demand for new manufacturing, conserving resources and reducing pollution. It also keeps items out of landfills, extending their lifespan.
Urban Street Market offers various items from different eras and styles, making it easy for people to find unique and one-of-a-kind pieces that set them apart from mass-produced items. When looking around the market, there are many people with varying styles. The prime location to gain fashion inspiration through the clothing bought and the people there. Urban Jungle united a community of people with unique styles but a shared love of special clothing.
The Urban Street Market provides economic benefits, contributes to environmental sustainability and encourages creativity. Urban Street Market was an excellent experience for thrifters. Urban Jungle often puts on events and markets like this one, so be sure to stop by the next one.

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Scientists Use Bacteria to Turn Plastic Into Useful Substan…


Scientists have genetically engineered bacteria to efficiently turn plastic waste into useful chemicals.

The bacteria, described in a study published in the journal Nature Communications, could help tackle the growing problem of plastic pollution, the authors said.

“Plastic pollution is an escalating global crisis, with a staggering 390 million tons of plastic produced annually worldwide,” two of the study authors, James Collins from MIT and Ting Lu with the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, told Newsweek.

pollution plastic ocean trash
A volunteer collects plastic waste that washed up on the shores and mangroves of Freedom Island to mark International Coastal Clean-up Day on September 15, 2023, in Las Pinas, Metro Manila, Philippines. Bacteria may be an upcoming solution to the prevalent plastic pollution around the globe.
Ezra Acayan/Getty Images

“Shockingly, a whopping 91 percent of this plastic finds its way into incineration or landfills, exacerbating the environmental, wildlife, and human health issues stemming from plastic pollution,” Lu and Collins said.

Recent History of Upcycling Plastics with Microogranisms

In recent years, one potential solution for upcycling plastics has emerged, using specially engineered microorganisms to turn the waste into useful products. While this approach offers some promise in contrast to conventional plastic waste processing methods, it is highly complex and beset with difficulties.

To date, this approach has predominantly revolved around using single populations or strains of microorganisms, commonly called monocultures.

Despite notable advancements, the monoculture strategy encounters several challenges, including inefficiencies and incompleteness when it comes to the degradation of plastic and difficulties in optimizing the synthesis of new products.

The ‘Major Innovation’

The “major innovation” of the latest work lies in using multiple strains, rather than one, in the upcycling process, each of which plays different roles, the researchers said.

Compared to using monocultures, the latest approach demonstrated greater effectiveness at upcycling the plastic, which in the case of this study was polyethylene terephthalate, otherwise known as PET.

PET is one of the most common plastics in the world. It is often used to make containers for liquids and foods, such as bottles, as well as clothing fibers, among other applications.

In the latest study, the researchers developed two genetically engineered strains of the bacterium Pseudomonas putida for the purposes of degrading and upcycling PET.

“In this project, we built a duo of specialist bacteria, and deployed these strains to work collectively to fully convert plastics into valuable chemicals,” Lu and Collins said.

Two Main Steps

The biological conversion can be divided into two main steps: the breakdown of the plastic and the synthesis of new products.

First, the PET is broken down by the microbes into two compounds known as terephthalic acid (TPA) and ethylene glycol (EG). Then, the engineered microbes transform TPA and EGA into the products of interest. Each of the strains specializes in processing one of the two compounds.

The researchers found that using both strains together was more effective compared to using only a single strain that processed both products simultaneously.

“The plastic is completely degraded and converted through the process,” Lu said. “Early work based on single strains often result in incomplete utilization and inefficient product synthesis.”

Among the compounds that the bacteria produced was PHA, which is a biodegradable, eco-friendly alternative to petroleum-based plastics. The process also produced a substance known as muconate, which is a versatile “building block” chemical with numerous applications in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, and resins.

A 3D rendering of bacteria
Stock image: A 3D rendering of some bacteria. Scientists have genetically engineered bacteria to efficiently turn plastic waste into useful chemicals.

While the study primarily focused on the production of these two chemicals, the engineered microbes have the potential to be adapted in order to produce various other substances, the researchers said.

The Future of Plastic Waste

The latest findings suggest that engineering microbes may be a promising and effective approach to upcycling plastics. In addition, the underlying concept and strategies described in the paper are potentially applicable to the treatment of other types of plastic waste.

In practical terms, the researchers said they could envision two main real-world applications for their approach. The first is within industrial processing facilities, and the second is out in the natural environment.

“In the former case, plastic waste collected from oceans and landfills would be transported to a facility where it would be bioprocessed with engineered microbes. In our latter scenario, these microbes could be deployed directly in lands or oceans to bio-transform plastic debris in situ,” the researchers said.

While this approach is encouraging, several challenges remain that need to be addressed, particularly in the latter case. These challenges include the robustness and scalability of the engineered bacteria strains and the adaptability of the approach to different plastics, among others.

“Although these challenges lie ahead, I remain optimistic that bio-based upcycling holds the potential to play an important contribution to the mitigation of the plastic pollution problem,” Lu said.

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Creative Ways to Use Old Coffee Grounds


Coffee grounds have many practical uses around the home and garden and can even help spruce up your beauty routine. (Image Courtesy- Unsplash)
Coffee grounds have many practical uses around the home and garden and can even help spruce up your beauty routine. (Image Courtesy- Unsplash)

Coffee, a beloved beverage enjoyed worldwide, leaves behind a treasure trove of potential in the form of discarded coffee grounds.

This article unveils the multifaceted utility of these humble remnants, offering readers compelling reasons to reconsider tossing them away. Beyond their aromatic essence and caffeine content, coffee grounds are brimming with practical applications across the home, garden, and even beauty routines.

Furthermore, for those who don’t brew coffee at home regularly, local coffee shops often have an abundance of coffee grounds to share. Below, we explore the creative and sustainable uses for used coffee grounds.

  1. Fertilize Your Garden: Nourishment from the Grounds

In gardens where soil lacks essential nutrients, coffee grounds step in as an organic fertilizer. Rich in vital minerals such as nitrogen, calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, and chromium, they provide plants with the nourishment they crave. Coffee grounds also play a role in soil remediation by absorbing heavy metals that may contaminate the earth. Moreover, they are a beacon for worms, which enhance soil health. To utilize coffee grounds as fertilizer, simply sprinkle them around your plants’ soil.

  1. Compost It for Later: Building Rich Compost

For those without immediate use for coffee grounds as fertilizer, they make excellent additions to compost. Composting transforms organic materials like coffee grounds into nutrient-rich humus, benefiting soil health by increasing nutrient and water retention. Studies have shown that compost enriched with coffee grounds and kitchen waste is more nutrient-dense than compost made solely from waste. Composting coffee grounds is an eco-friendly way to reduce waste while enhancing your garden’s vitality.

  1. Repel Insects and Pests: Natural Pest Control

Coffee grounds contain compounds like caffeine and diterpenes, which are toxic to insects. This natural insect repellent effectively deters pests like mosquitos, fruit flies, and beetles. Placing bowls of coffee grounds or sprinkling them around outdoor seating areas can help create a pest-free zone. Coffee grounds also act as a deterrent for slugs and snails, protecting your garden from their ravages.

  1. Scour Your Pots and Pans: Eco-Friendly Cleaning

The coarse texture of coffee grounds makes them an excellent choice for scrubbing kitchen utensils and cookware. Use them to tackle stubborn food residue and caked-on grime. After scrubbing, rinse your dishes thoroughly, leaving them clean and refreshed.

  1. Remove Fleas from Your Pet: Natural Pet Care

For pet owners dealing with fleas, coffee grounds offer a natural alternative to chemical treatments. After shampooing your pet, gently rub coffee grounds through their fur, then rinse them off. While there are claims of added smoothness and shine to the pet’s coat, it’s essential to use coffee grounds externally and consult a vet for persistent flea issues.

  1. Exfoliate Your Skin: A Spa Day at Home

Coffee grounds’ coarse particles work wonders as an exfoliating agent, effectively removing dirt and dead skin cells. Create a scrub by mixing coffee grounds with water or coconut oil, then gently massage onto your face and body. For a refreshing lip treatment, blend coffee grounds with honey. The caffeine in coffee grounds boasts antioxidant properties, protecting the skin from sun damage and promoting healthy blood flow.

  1. Reduce the Appearance of Cellulite: A Natural Remedy

Cellulite, a common concern for many, can be addressed with coffee grounds. Applying coffee grounds topically helps break down fat deposits, increase blood flow, and reduce cellulite’s appearance. Mix grounds with water or coconut oil and scrub affected areas for ten minutes, twice weekly.

  1. Use It as a Natural Dye: Eco-Friendly Colouring

Coffee stains on clothing might be a nuisance, but when rehydrated, used coffee grounds become a natural dye for fabrics, paper, and even Easter eggs. This eco-friendly alternative provides a vintage look to textiles, camouflaging stains and adding character. Traditional dyes often contain harmful chemicals, making coffee grounds a safe and non-toxic choice.

  1. Tenderize Meat: Culinary Enhancement

In the culinary realm, coffee grounds serve as a unique meat tenderizer. Their natural acids and enzymes break down muscle fibers, resulting in tender, flavourful meat. Add coffee grounds to your favourite dry rub or marinate meat in brewed, cooled coffee for up to 24 hours before cooking, yielding a delightful crust and enhanced taste.

  1. Stimulate Hair Growth and Strip Buildup: A Beauty Secret

For hair care, coffee grounds offer a dual benefit. They exfoliate the scalp, removing residue and dead skin cells, while caffeine stimulates hair growth. Massage coffee grounds into your scalp and hair before shampooing to revitalize your locks. Studies suggest that caffeine can boost blood flow and promote hair growth, making coffee grounds a valuable addition to your hair care routine.

  1. Treat Under-Eye Circles: Aesthetic Refreshment

The delicate skin around the eyes can benefit from coffee grounds’ antioxidant and caffeine-rich properties. These compounds reduce under-eye circles and puffiness by enhancing blood circulation and combating inflammation. Create a paste by mixing coffee grounds with water or coconut oil, then apply it under your eyes for ten minutes before rinsing. Consistent application can help maintain youthful-looking skin.

Are Coffee Grounds Safe to Consume?

While drinking coffee has numerous health benefits, consuming coffee grounds is a different matter. Coffee beans contain compounds like cafestol and kahweol, which can raise blood cholesterol levels. These compounds are typically filtered out when brewing coffee, but they remain in the grounds. Limited studies suggest that consuming coffee grounds can increase cholesterol. Therefore, it’s advisable to avoid regular consumption of coffee grounds, although occasional use in recipes (e.g., baked goods or meat rubs) is generally considered safe.

In conclusion, used coffee grounds are a versatile resource often underestimated and discarded without consideration. Beyond their role in brewing a morning pick-me-up, these grounds offer a range of practical and sustainable applications. From nurturing gardens to repelling pests, from beautifying skin to enhancing culinary creations, coffee grounds can play a valuable role in our daily lives. The next time you brew a pot of coffee, consider the myriad possibilities that await in those seemingly spent grounds – a world of creativity, sustainability, and resourcefulness.

First published on: 26 Sep 2023, 11:00 IST

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Reviewing Goldwin x Spiber’s Rebirth: 2023 Autumn and Winte…


Goldwin x Spiber 2023 Autumn and Winter Media Conference Review

The Goldwin x Spiber 2023 Autumn and Winter Media Conference took place recently with the theme of “rebirth”, aiming to realize the happiness of all things. The collaboration between the two companies has been highly anticipated, as both are known for their innovative and sustainable approach to fashion.

During the conference, Goldwin and Spiber showcased their latest collection, featuring cutting-edge materials and designs. The audience was captivated by the eco-friendly and futuristic pieces that combined Goldwin’s expertise in outdoor clothing with Spiber’s breakthrough biofabrication technology.

One of the highlights of the event was the unveiling of a new fabric developed by Spiber called “Spider Silk”. This innovative material is created by replicating the proteins found in spider silk using genetically engineered yeast. The result is a strong and lightweight textile that has the potential to revolutionize the fashion industry.

In addition to the new fabric, Goldwin and Spiber also showcased their commitment to sustainability with the use of recycled materials and environmentally friendly manufacturing processes. They emphasized the importance of creating fashion that not only looks good but also minimizes its impact on the environment.

Hender Scheme officially releases new platform “Circulation”

In another fashion-related news, Hender Scheme has officially launched its new platform called “Circulation”. The platform consists of four projects: “Repair”, “Resale”, “Customization”, and “Workshop”. Hender Scheme, known for its craftsmanship and high-quality leather goods, aims to promote a more sustainable approach to fashion consumption through this new initiative.

The “Repair” project offers customers the opportunity to have their Hender Scheme products repaired, extending their lifespan and reducing waste. The “Resale” project enables customers to sell their pre-owned Hender Scheme items, allowing them to find new homes and reducing the demand for new products. The “Customization” project offers customers the chance to personalize their Hender Scheme pieces, adding a unique touch to their wardrobe. Finally, the “Workshop” project aims to educate and engage customers in sustainable fashion practices through workshops and events.

Nippon Television Officially Acquires Studio Ghibli

In a major development in the world of animation, Nippon Television has officially acquired Studio Ghibli. This news comes as the legendary filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki prepares for his retirement, raising concerns about the future of the renowned animation studio.

The acquisition of Studio Ghibli by Nippon Television comes as a surprise to many, as the studio has maintained its independence for decades. However, the partnership is seen as a strategic move to secure the future of Studio Ghibli, ensuring that its legacy continues even after Miyazaki’s retirement.

The search for Miyazaki’s successor is expected to be a challenging task for both Nippon Television and Studio Ghibli. The filmmaker has left an indelible mark on the animation industry with his imaginative storytelling and unique visual style, making it difficult to find someone who can fill his shoes. Nevertheless, fans of Studio Ghibli remain hopeful that the studio will continue to produce enchanting and captivating films in the years to come.

Stone Island x New Balance Made in UK 991v2 latest joint shoe officially debuts

The highly anticipated collaboration between Stone Island and New Balance has finally made its debut with the release of the Made in UK 991v2 shoe. The collaboration combines Stone Island’s expertise in technical fabrics and New Balance’s iconic sneaker design, resulting in a unique and stylish footwear option.

The Made in UK 991v2 features a combination of premium materials, including leather and mesh, to ensure both durability and breathability. The shoe incorporates innovative technologies such as ENCAP and ABZORB, providing superior comfort and support.

Sales information for the Stone Island x New Balance Made in UK 991v2 shoe will be released simultaneously, and fans can expect high demand for this limited edition collaboration.

Based on GT-2160 and GEL-1130, ASICS releases multiple pairs of special collaboration shoes

ASICS, the renowned sportswear brand, has recently released multiple pairs of special collaboration shoes. The shoes are based on the popular models GT-2160 and GEL-1130, and they are a result of collaborations with Cecilie Bahnsen, Dime, HAL STUDIOS®, and AIREI.

During ASICS Paris Fashion Week event, Hypebeast had the opportunity to interview the four collaborators. Cecilie Bahnsen, known for her feminine and romantic designs, brought her signature touch to the collection. Dime, a skateboarding brand, infused the shoes with their streetwear aesthetic. HAL STUDIOS®, a leading design studio, added their innovative and futuristic elements to the collaboration. AIREI, a Japanese fashion brand, added a touch of minimalism and simplicity to the collection.

The special collaboration shoes by ASICS showcase the brand’s commitment to innovation and creativity in the world of sportswear. Each partner brings their unique perspective and style, resulting in a diverse and exciting range of footwear options.

Overall, the recent fashion and entertainment news highlights the industry’s continuous effort towards sustainability, creativity, and collaboration. Whether it’s the use of innovative materials, the promotion of sustainable practices, or the merging of different design aesthetics, these developments reshape the future of fashion and animation.

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Breaking Down Beauty Barriers: Con inspires the industry to…


People of all shapes, sizes and backgrounds entered the dimly lit halls of The Reef, a creative space built into a historical structure in the heart of Los Angeles. They wore decadent eyeshadow with bold eyeliner, shimmery powders with glistening gloss and extravagant outfits to match. These beauty barons are masters of blending makeup, yet they do anything but blend into a crowd.

Beautycon 2023 broke the boundaries of hair and makeup and shined a light on important conversations about homelessness, eco-friendly materials and being confident without using filters.

It’s pretty difficult to recognize a beauty influencer in a room where everyone looks like a professional artist. Luckily, the line of people following them through the crowd gives it away. But Beautycon is a chance for them to coexist with their fans and share a face-to-face conversation, unbound by the confines of a screen. It’s also a chance for them to engage with each other in meaningful conversations about the beauty industry.

In a Sept. 16 panel, Shirley Raines, Zara Rahim, Tess Holliday and Sophia Dennis touched on the topics of homelessness and plastic waste in the beauty industry. Raines runs a nonprofit called Beauty 2 the Streetz, providing food, clothing, hair and makeup on Skid Row. She talked about how using makeup is a privilege that many people take for granted. 

For individuals in homeless communities, having their makeup or hair done can have a huge impact on their confidence. Influencers in the beauty community receive hundreds of PR packages that go unused and could be donated to these individuals. Raines also urged members of the audience to donate unused products that might be just sitting in drawers in their homes. Oftentimes, these products end up in the landfill, which also poses a threat to the environment.

Dennis explained the environmental damage caused by makeup and hair packaging specifically. Many brands still use predominantly plastic packaging, including squeeze tubes, bottles and tubs. They’re then wrapped in more plastic to keep them sealed in stores. Dennis talked about how some beauty brands are working on more eco-friendly packaging, including using recycled materials, but there’s really not enough of a push. 

“It’s not just in the hands of brands, but also of legislators,” she said. She asked members of the audience to vote for stricter environmental regulations so more brands will be forced to make the change.

In an earlier panel, Rocio Roses, Monica Ravichandran, Alabama Barker and Laylo Qasim talked about how filters can influence the way we perceive ourselves. In an effort to make themselves look better, people are actually altering their brain chemistry to be more unhappy with the way they naturally look. 

“I actually feel more confident not using filters,” said Ravichandran, who self-identifies as “your filter-free brown girl makeup bestie,” on Instagram. She also explained the difference between using the words “makeup” and “beauty.” “Makeup is just something you put on your face,” she said.

Because beauty is so much more than just makeup, many brands this year focused more on promoting their skin and hair care products. Among the freebies guests could grab were lotions, body oils, curly-hair cream and face serums. Meanwhile, representatives from Walmart, Palmer’s and other brands educated shoppers on how to use these products to enhance natural features, not hide them.

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B2C E-commerce Market Demand Makes Room for New Growth Stor…


B2C E-commerce Market

B2C E-commerce

Stay up to date with B2C E-commerce Market research offered by HTF MI. Check how key trends and emerging drivers are shaping this industry growth.

HTF MI integrates History, Trends, and Forecasts to identify the highest value opportunities, cope with the most critical business challenges and transform the businesses.”

— Criag Francis

PUNE, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA, September 25, 2023 /EINPresswire.com/ — HTF MI started a latest business research with the Global B2C E-commerce Market Study Forecast till 2029. This B2C E-commerce market report brings data for the estimated year 2023 and forecasted till 2029 in terms of both, value (USD Trillion) and volume (MT) Market. The study is conducted by applying both top-down and bottom-up approaches and further iterative methods used to validate and size market estimation and trends of the B2C E-commerce market. Additionally, to complement insights EXIM data, consumption, supply and demand Figures, raw price analysis, market revenue, and gross margins. Some of the companies listed in the research study are ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED (China), Amazon.com, Inc. (United States), eBay. Inc. (United States), ASOS (United Kingdom), Flipkart Internet Private Limited (India), macys.com (United States), Walmart Stores, Inc. (United States), Apple Inc. (United States), priceline.com LLC. (United States), Rakuten, Inc. (Japan), Otto Group (Germany) etc.

Market Snapshot

The B2C (Business-to-Consumer) e-commerce market is a segment of electronic commerce that involves the sale of products or services directly from businesses to individual consumers. It has witnessed tremendous growth and transformation over the years, driven by factors such as technological advancements, changing consumer preferences, and the proliferation of online shopping platforms.

The Global B2C E-commerce market was valued at USD 3.65 Trillion in 2023 and is expected to reach USD 7.9 Trillion by 2028, growing at a CAGR of 7.9 % during 2023-2028.

Click To get Latest version of SAMPLE Study (Including Full TOC, Table & Figures) @ https://www.htfmarketintelligence.com/sample-report/global-b2c-e-commerce-market

Market Scope / Segment Breakdown

Global B2C E-commerce market has been analyzed on various dimensions that includes market sizing and share analysis in dollar term as well as by volume* and price. The segments included in the market study are mentioned below which has been reviewed both qualitatively and quantitatively.

Based on the type, the market is bifurcated as B2C Retailers, Classified, and On the basis of application, the market is divided as Automotive, Beauty & Personal Care, Books & Stationery, Consumer Electronics, Clothing & Footwear, Sports & Leisure, Travel & Tourism, Media & Entertainment, Information Technology (Software), Others. The Consumer Goods) segment accounted for highest market share in 2022 and is hence expected to be the next fastest growing segment throughout the forecast period.

The report covers information regarding competitive outlook including the market share and company profiles of the key participants operating in the global B2C E-commerce market. Some of the players that are profiled in the study are ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIMITED (China), Amazon.com, Inc. (United States), eBay. Inc. (United States), ASOS (United Kingdom), Flipkart Internet Private Limited (India), macys.com (United States), Walmart Stores, Inc. (United States), Apple Inc. (United States), priceline.com LLC. (United States), Rakuten, Inc. (Japan), Otto Group (Germany) etc.

By Geography: North America, Europe, Southeast Asia, China, Japan, India, Middle East, Africa, LATAM, Others

Book Latest Edition of Global B2C E-commerce Market Study @ https://www.htfmarketintelligence.com/buy-now?format=3&report=1972

Qualitative Insights from Study

B2C E-commerce Market Trends

• Mobile Commerce (M-Commerce): Increasing use of smartphones for shopping.

• Omnichannel Retail: Seamlessly integrating online and offline shopping channels.

• Personalization: AI-driven tailored shopping experiences.

• Sustainability: Focus on eco-friendly products and practices.

B2C E-commerce Market Drivers

• Consumer Convenience: Online shopping’s ease and accessibility.

• Tech Advancements: Innovations in e-commerce technologies.

• Pandemic Impact: Accelerated digital adoption due to COVID-19.

• Sustainability Awareness: Growing eco-conscious consumer base.

• Social Media Influence: Social platforms driving purchase decisions.

B2C E-commerce Market Opportunity

• Global Expansion: Tapping into international markets.

• Niche Markets: Targeting specialized customer segments.

• Subscription Models: Offering recurring subscription services.

• Marketplace Growth: Expanding product offerings through marketplaces.

Do you Have Any Query? Ask Our Expert @: https://www.htfmarketintelligence.com/enquiry-before-buy/global-b2c-e-commerce-market

Research Objective

• To define and describe the B2C E-commerce segmented by product & service, by application, by end-user, and by region.

• To estimate and forecast the B2C E-commerce by value in USD Trillion.

• To estimate and forecast the market size for various segments with regard to Region Name.

• To profile key players and comprehensively analyze their market position in terms of ranking and core competencies.

• To analyze the markets situation with regard to industry trends, prospects, and contribution to the total market by identifying the high-growth segments of the B2C E-commerce and provide the competitive landscape.

• To provide industry attractiveness with help of various tools such as the Porter’s five force analysis and the PESTEL analysis.

Market Size Estimation

Top-down and bottom-up approaches are used to validate the Global B2C E-commerce Market size market and estimate the market size for Manufacturers, Type and Regions.

The market estimations in this report are based on the marketed sale price of B2C E-commerce excluding any discounts provided by the manufacturer, distributor, wholesaler or traders. The percentage splits, market shares, and breakdowns of the product segments are derived based on weightages assigned to each of the segments based on their utilization rate and average sale price. The regional splits of the overall B2C E-commerce market and its sub segments are based on the percentage adoption or utilization of the given product in the respective region or country.

Get Detailed TOC and Overview of Report @ https://www.htfmarketintelligence.com/report/global-b2c-e-commerce-market


In order to better understand B2C E-commerce market conditions five forces analysis is conducted that includes the Bargaining power of buyers, Bargaining power of suppliers, Threat of new entrants, Threat of substitutes, and Threat of rivalry.

• Political (Political policy and stability as well as trade, fiscal, and taxation policies)

• Economical (Interest rates, employment or unemployment rates, raw material costs, and foreign exchange rates)

• Social (Changing family demographics, education levels, cultural trends, attitude changes, and changes in lifestyles)

• Technological (Changes in digital or mobile technology, automation, research, and development)

• Legal (Employment legislation, consumer law, health, and safety, international as well as trade regulation and restrictions)

• Environmental (Climate, recycling procedures, carbon footprint, waste disposal, and sustainability)

Thanks for reading this article; HTF MI also offers Custom Research services providing focused, comprehensive, and tailored research according to clientele objectives. Thanks for reading this article; you can also get individual chapter-wise sections or region-wise reports like Balkan, China-based, Japanese, German, North American, Europe, or Southeast Asia.

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HTF Market Intelligence Consulting Pvt Ltd
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Mana Fashion Pop-Up Returns to Kick Off The Holiday Shoppin…


Bringing the community of style enthusiasts together just in time for the holiday shopping season, Mana Fashion Pop Up returns with its third and largest pop-up this November 3-5 at Mana Wynwood Convention Center.

Mana Fashion Services will bring over 100 ethical brands comprised of local, Miami-made, and International brands that embrace their small and ethical business ethos, offering gifts for everyone from home goods to jewelry, apparel and so much more.

Attendees can choose from two ticket options, attending the VIP Opening on Night 1 (November 3rd) and gaining special fashion-insider access, mixing and mingling with the who’s who of Miami fashionistas, attend the exclusive fashion show, sip cocktails, dine on hors d’oeuvres and shop til’ they drop; or join with the family throughout the weekend on Saturday and Sunday from 12-7 PM.

At the Mana Fashion Pop-Up, consumers can meet with brand founders, and designers and get to know the creatives behind each brand.

“Mana Fashion Services is excited to bring the fashion community of South Florida together just before the holiday season, bringing gift ideas to life for friends and loved ones who will appreciate our ‘shop ethically and shop small business’ philosophy that we’re proud to promote,” says Aleksandra Sivokoneva, Creative Director for Mana Fashion Services.

“Curating hundreds of items from candles to cover-ups, shoppers will check everyone off their holiday wish list with unique, one-of-kind items that support small businesses from near and far.”

Participating in the pop-up are several Miami-based brands including Bien Bien Miami, La Nadia Jewels, La Roja by Misha, Perry Walker Collective, and Taylor Dorry, alongside other local creatives and artists, such as Valeria Krasavina, a fashion illustrator and designer based in Miami.

In addition to the group of local Miami brands that will present their collections at the pop-up; a group of Ukrainian fashion designers including Iva Jewelry Ocean x Silk Statnaia Elena Reva Alice K Clothing Vivons Omelia Kris Maran Valery Kovalska Norba Malva Florea will also showcase their collections, directly benefiting brands from the war-torn nation.

Details including more information about Mana Fashion Services and links to purchase a limited number of VIP night tickets – which are sure to sell out, are located below.


Mana Fashion Services is thrilled to announce the return of its highly anticipated Fashion Pop-Up for its third edition, set to take place at Mana Wynwood.

This exclusive pop-up event promises an unforgettable shopping experience, bringing together a curated selection of over 100 local and international, ethical fashion brands.

Perfectly timed for holiday shopping, attendees can indulge in a weekend filled with activities including shopping, an engaging panel discussion, a captivating fashion show, a donation swap, live entertainment, and much more.

Guests have two ticket options to choose from: General Admission, priced starting at just $11 per ticket, grants access to a weekend of shopping and family-friendly activities.

For those seeking an elevated experience, the VIP package offers an early-bird option from $162 per ticket and offers exclusive access to a luxurious evening in addition to the weekend festivities.

As part of our commitment to making a positive impact, Mana Fashion Services is proud to support Ukraine during this event, highlighting two Ukrainian brands that have pledged to donate proceeds from their weekend sales to benefit the Masha Foundation, a Ukraine-based charity founded by TV host and activist Masha Efrosinina.

Join us in this charitable endeavor while celebrating the world of fashion and culture at Mana Fashion Services’ Fashion Pop-Up.


Mana Wynwood Convention Center 318 NW 23rd St
Miami, FL 33127


VIP Night is Friday, November 3 from 6 PM – 9 PM
Weekend GA Saturday, November 4 – Sunday, November 5 from 12 PM – 7 PM

Event Highlights

VIP night Giveaway includes Arlo Hotel Stay, Delta AirLine Round trip tickets, a $500 Shopping Voucher, a Gift Bag, and a Fashion Show

On Sunday, Nov. 5 the community will gather for a Panel Discussion covering the power of ethical brands and what it means for the fashion industry and consumers.

The pop-up event will feature a clothing swap powered by Curley’s House, where attendees can exchange gently used, freshly washed clothes of all ages for one ticket per item.

Additionally, a sneaker donation center will be set up by Sneaker Impact, an eco friendly organization preventing landfill waste.

About Mana Fashion Services

Mana Fashion Services, a subsidiary of Mana Common, is dedicated to connecting and empowering fashion professionals. The community it fosters spans designers, manufacturers, suppliers, buyers, and more, with a strong focus on sustainability and entrepreneurship.

Located in Downtown Miami’s Flagler District, the organization is actively creating showrooms, a textile resource center, co-working spaces, and retail areas. Launched in April 2022, it has successfully hosted events like “Miami Talks,” Fashion Popups, Workshops, and more, making a notable impact during Miami Swim Week.

Mana Fashion Services’ primary goal is to unite the fashion industry within the neighborhood, empowering one creative visionary at a time.

Their broader mission is to establish a sustainable ecosystem that connects fashion communities across the US, Latin America, and beyond.

The organization is actively working on the establishment of a textile lab/resource center and exciting partnerships with influential entities such as Vogue, Pantone, CFDA, and more.

These initiatives are set to offer valuable support to their growing community. For more information, please visit www.manafashion.com

By ML staff. Images courtesy of Mana fashion.

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10 Things To Know About New England’s Scenic Train, The Amt…



  • Amtrak Downeaster is a modern, efficient, and safe mode of transportation that allows travelers to experience the beauty of New England from the comfort of a luxurious train.
  • The train operates daily, is cheaper than flying, and is faster than car and bus travel due to no traffic.
  • The train travels between several U.S. cities in the northeast, with Brunswick, Maine being the most well-known station. It also stops at other cities in Maine and other New England states, providing opportunities for exploration.

New travelers have many questions about using Amtrak Downeaster for trips through New England. Most adventurers hear about travel using airplanes and buses, but most people think trains are a thing of the past. However, Amtrak is a fully modern, highly efficient, and safe mode of transportation that allows people to experience the beauty of nature from the comfort of a train car.

These trains operate daily, cost much less than a flight, and are quicker than car and bus travel since there’s no traffic. These are the most important things to know about Amtrak Downeaster, New England’s most scenic train.

What Is Amtrak Downeaster?

MBTafan2011 – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, VIA Wikimedia Commons

Downeaster bound for Portland, Maine passing though Ballardvale, Andover, Massachusetts

Amtrak, Downeaster, provides daily travel between several U.S. cities of the northeast. There are several stations along its route, but Brunswick, Maine, is by far the most well-known. The Brunswick station is the furthest north Amtrak hub in Maine, although the train has five other stations in the state. The other stations include Wells, Saco, Portland, Old Orchard Beach, and Freeport.

Amtrak, Downeaster, did not always own and operate the route these trains travel today. Prior to Amtrak’s presence in the northeast, passengers would ride the Pine Tree and Flying Yankee between Bangor and Boston.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Arrive thirty to forty minutes before travel, not hours before, as with air travel.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Check out Fenway Park in Boston to see the local’s famous sports team.

Related: 10 Of The Most Beautiful Downtowns To Visit In Maine

Where Does Amtrak Downeaster Travel?

Park Street Church In Boston

Amtrak, Downeaster, is one of the primary connections between Brunswick and Boston. For most travelers, this approximately three-hour ride is a great way to reach Boston, a city with some of the most beautiful streets and local scenery. However, Amtrak, Downeaster, is also a great way to travel throughout Maine and several other New England states.

The Downeaster also travels to Dover, Durham, and Exeter, New Hampshire. It also takes guests to several other cities in Massachusetts outside of Boston, including Haverhill and Woburn.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Tourists should keep valuables with them.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: The Children’s Museum is within walking distance of Dover’s station.

What Is It Like To Travel On The Amtrak Downeaster?

An Amtrak ACS64 traveling past Princeton Junction, West Windsor Township, New Jersey, USA
Photo by Island Group Studios on Unsplash

An Amtrak ACS64 traveling past Princeton Junction, West Windsor Township, New Jersey, USA

Amtrak’s trains are more luxurious and comfortable than other travel methods, like airplanes and buses. These trains are fairly uniform, meaning tourists can expect similar set-ups and available amenities no matter which train station it departs.

The seats are spacious and offer good views of the surrounding landscape. Travelers on the Downeaster can expect to see vibrant views of New England’s landscape, including excellent glimpses of the fall foliage in New England’s mountains.

Amtrak trains come with WiFi and leg rests for long trips. Although travel between Brunswick and Boston is not long for travelers wishing for some sleep, Amtrak offers roomettes for those wanting to kick back and rest.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Wear comfortable clothing to add to the overall enjoyment of the trip.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Thompson’s Point is within walking distance of the Portland station, which is a hot spot for special events.

How Long Are Most Amtrak Downeaster Rides?

The Stanley Brook Bridge surrounded by fall foliage and autumn colors in Acadia National Park, Maine, USA

The Stanley Brook Bridge surrounded by fall foliage and autumn colors in Acadia National Park, Maine, USA

While travel times vary, most trips between Brunswick and Boston take three hours and twenty minutes. However, the trip is much shorter for travelers hoping to disembark before Boston.

Travel from Brunswick to Freeport takes around fifteen minutes. However, some travelers choose to use Amtrak Downeaster to explore New England, so many are not in a rush.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Bring snacks and beverages to save money.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Local restaurants close to Exeter’s station and small museums.

Related: 10 Amazing Trips To Take In The Fall In Maine

Aerial view of fall foliage and autumn colors in Downtown Dover, NH, New Hampshire, USA

Aerial view of fall foliage and autumn colors in Downtown Dover, NH, New Hampshire, USA

Most travelers use the Downeaster train to travel between Brunswick and Boston. This gives passengers a wonderful glimpse at the 12 unique stations and cities along its path.

Each city on its route is worth visiting for different reasons. Travelers appreciate the trip to Boston because of the views of New England along the way and the excitement promised in the big city.

However, tourists should also check cities like Freeport, Saco, and Dover when possible. Saco and Freeport have excellent shopping experiences, including the famous clothes outlet LL. Bean in Freeport. Dover is ideal for nature lovers, with the nature trail near the train station.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Always be friendly to the staff, and never insult or harass them.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Explore the local Maine shoreline and beaches near Old Orchard Beach station.

Is Amtrak Downeaster Safe?

All of Amtrak’s trains have an excellent safety rating, beating out most other popular methods of ground travel. These trains also have their own police force, known as the Amtrak Police. Many of these police patrol the tracks where Amtrak trains travel and safeguard the stations. Several officers also ride the trains undercover in case any issues arise.

Tourists should keep their valuables close to them rather than placing them in storage compartments. This is one of the best ways to prevent theft of valuable items.

Women traveling alone should also take precautions, especially after leaving the stations at night.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Solo women travelers should avoid traveling at night in large cities like Boston.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Drop by Bellamy River Wildlife Management Area near Dover, New Hampshire, for stunning nature views.

Is Amtrak Downeaster Environmentally Friendly?

Amtrak is one of the most environmentally friendly systems of travel in the U.S. While many Amtrak trains still use diesel fuel, this mode of transportation beats cars, airplanes, trucks, and buses for its sustainability rating.

Amtrak is also actively investing in research and development to continue improving Amtrak’s overall environmental rating, including looking for ways to add more biofuels to their fleet engines.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Enjoy the train’s quiet and bring a favorite novel.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Stop by the Public Garden of Boston for free.

Related: These Are The 10 Most Eco-Friendly Places You Can Visit In The U.S. In October

Are Any Amtrak Downeaster Rides Overnight?

Boston's Skyline At Night
Photo by Lance Anderson on Unsplash

Boston’s Skyline At Night.

The longest train ride with Amtrak Downeaster is approximately three and a half hours long between Brunswick and Boston. This means there’s really no room for an overnight ride, although some trains depart Brunswick in the evening. Amtrak Downeaster does offer a special Event Nite Train.

This train schedules departures in Boston during special local events, like big concerts and home games for the local baseball team, the Boston Red Sox.

This special event train is not an overnight ride but travels mostly at night. Most train rides with Amtrak Downeaster last less than an hour, but it offers incredible views of New England in a luxurious environment.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Bring cameras to photograph the beautiful New England landscape.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Visit the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston while journeying through the region.

How Much Do Tickets Cost For Amtrak Downeaster?

Seats on an Amtrak Acela Express train
Bonnachoven via Wikimedia Commons, Creative Commons 

Seats on an Amtrak Acela Express train

Traveling with Amtrak Downeaster is remarkably affordable, especially compared to air travel. While prices vary, according to the website’s Fare Finder tool, a round trip between Brunswick and Boston costs around $60.00. One-way trips between Brunswick and Boston cost around $30.00.

Round trips between Brunswick and Saco only cost around $12.00, and one-way trips cost around $6.00. Tourists hoping to estimate the cost of their trip should use the Fare Finder tool on Amtrak’s website.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Use a checklist to avoid forgetting important items, like a photo ID.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Visit Bowdoin College near Brunswick’s station.

How Do You Buy Tickets For Amtrak Downeaster?

Scenic ride along the Portland, Maine harbor
Photo By : Paul VanDerWerf from Brunswick, Maine, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

A restored narrow gauge steam engine that takes riders on a short scenic ride along the Portland, Maine harbor

Buying tickets directly from Downeaster’s website is the easiest way to buy tickets for Amtrak. The website also lists their trains, train departure times, and estimated arrival times. They also have online specials and discounts, which travelers can apply at checkout. This includes a 50% discount for senior tourists, BOGO discounts for multiple travelers, and 50% off for children.

  • Tips for Riding Amtrak: Limit carry-on bags to avoid making leg space cramped and uncomfortable.
  • Places to See When Riding Amtrak, Downeaster: Merrimack River sits close to Haverhill’s station and is a great location to see wildlife.

Amtrak offers some fantastic routes and can take adventurers to dozens of locations. The Downeaster routes cut through New England’s gorgeous mountains and woodlands, making it one of the best trips for sightseers. This is especially true for autumn when the fall foliage paints the landscape orange, yellow, and red.

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Beating Plastic Pollution: Innovative Ways in Which India i…


The grave concern lies in plastic's remarkable durability and resistance to decomposition. Its persistence in the environment poses a severe ecological challenge. (Representative image/AP)

The grave concern lies in plastic’s remarkable durability and resistance to decomposition. Its persistence in the environment poses a severe ecological challenge. (Representative image/AP)

In the battle against plastic pollution, India has adopted several innovative strategies. People, government and corporates have united in this effort as the nation aims to create a cleaner, sustainable future

Plastic, the ubiquitous material of modern life, has woven itself into the fabric of our daily existence. Globally, over 150 million tonnes of plastic are produced each year, catering to a wide array of applications – from packaging and clothing to toys and industrial products. Yet, as its production soars, so does the monumental problem of plastic pollution.

According to a report by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), India stands to lose a staggering $133 billion worth of material value tied to plastic packaging by 2030. A significant chunk of this loss, $68 billion, is attributed to uncollected plastic packaging waste.

A severe ecological challenge

The grave concern lies in plastic’s remarkable durability and resistance to decomposition. Its persistence in the environment poses a severe ecological challenge. Alarmingly, less than 10% of global plastic production is effectively recycled, leaving the remainder to languish in landfills or be incinerated, releasing toxic compounds into the atmosphere.

India, too, grapples with this crisis. According to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the country generates approximately 9.4 million tonnes of plastic waste annually, translating to a staggering 26,000 tonnes per day. A mere 5.6 million tonnes of this plastic waste is recycled daily, while a significant 3.8 million tonnes remain uncollected or littered, further exacerbating the pollution problem.

The innovative solutions

However, amid the looming threat of plastic pollution, India is pioneering innovative solutions to combat this menace head-on. Various companies have adopted eco-friendly practices by discontinuing plastic overwraps for products. Soap wrappers and shampoo sachets are now crafted from recyclable materials, and soap stiffeners and cartons are entirely plastic-free. Liquid bottles incorporate 50% recycled PET, while others use biodegradable actives in its composition and recycled plastic in its packaging.

Similarly, some small companies, too, are playing their part. The shining example in this case is the manufacturing of cutlery and utensils made entirely from fallen areca leaves which offer an eco-friendly alternative to conventional plastic, polymer, and paper products. The process for manufacturing eco-friendly utensils is simple and natural. These areca leaves are collected from farms and then cleaned and soaked in water.

With the help of specialised machines, the leaves are then dried in the shade, and moulded into various shapes. Like any other plant matter, these utensils and cutlery decompose within 60 days. Also the waste generated during the production can be repurposed into biofuel bricks, vermicompost, and dry animal feed, further reducing environmental impact.

Government initiatives

The Government of India in the past few years has taken several proactive steps to address the issue of plastic pollution. For example, in 2022, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched the nationwide “Clean and Green” campaign. This campaign engaged Urban Local Bodies across the country to encourage people to not use single-use plastics.

Last year, the Union Environment Ministry also released the Plastic Waste Management (Second Amendment) Rules, 2022. These rules press for the phase-out of various single-use plastic items and encourage use of thicker plastic carry bags.

These initiatives, whether community-driven or government-led, mark a significant step towards a pollution-free India. However, this is just seen as a beginning. To eradicate this menacing plastic pollution, the country needs to develop comprehensive solutions and a waste management infrastructure that engages all stakeholders.

Azmi Khan is a social entrepreneur building a sustainable fashion brand to create livelihood opportunities for marginalized women.

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